Synonyms: Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze
Family: Verbenaceae - Verbena family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bamanhati, Banchat, Chokphutra, Bainkuitta (Sandwip).
Tribal Name: Unfoi (Bawm), Noligach (Chakma), Bamus gach (Garo) Narayanbaing, Narayamblue (Marma).
A slender, tall shrub, 1.2-3.6 m high, little-branched. Leaves oblong, in whorls of 3-5. Flowers white in lax usually 3-flowered cymes in the axils of the upper leaves forming a long terminal panicles. Fruit dark bluish green when ripe, seated on the enlarged red calyx.
Leaves contain flavonoids, scutellarein, hispidulin and their 7-O-glucuronides and also sterol. Stems contain resin, cholesterol and ß-sitosterol. Flowers contain ß-sitosterol, hydroquinone, uncinatone and flavones pectolinarigenin and cirsimaritin. Bark contains D-mannitol and sorbitol. The flavonoid ectolinarigenin has also been isolated from the root bark (Ghani, 2003).
Clerodendrum siphonanthus Lindley
Occurs in the fallow lands throughout the country.