Citrus hystrix subsp. acida (Roxb.) Engl.
Citrus lima Lunan, Citrus acida Roxb.
Citrus limetta var. aromatica Wester
Citrus medica var. acida (Roxb.) Hook. f.
Limonia aurantiifolia Christm. (basionym)
Family: Rutaceae - Rue family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Lebu, Kaghzilebu, Patilebu.
Tribal Name: Raeti (Bawm), Lemu (Khumi), Tha Rock Pa (Marma), Khochi, Kwonzi-ui (Murang), Kowazi (Rakhaing).
English Name: Lime.
Aspinous shrub up to 2.5 m high. Leaves winged, lamina elliptic-oblong. Racemes short; flowers small; petals usually 4. Fruit usually small, 4-6 cm long, globose or ovoid; pulp very acidic.
Fruit juice is rich in ascorbic, citric and malic aids and their salts. The peel contains 6-glucoside of aureusidine and an essential oil, which is mainly composed of d-limonene and citral. It also contains hesperidin, neo-hesperidin, nobiletin, citromitin, 5-O-desmehtyl citromitin, inositol, vitamin B, vitamin C, free citric acid and synephrine.
Psoralens and substituted coumarins are present in the oil. Leaves and twigs yield essential oil contains terpenes, alcohols, aldehydes, esters, acids and citropten. Seeds contain the bitter compound limonin (Ghani, 2003). Seeds contain a bitter compound limonin (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Cultivated throughout the country.