Synonyms: Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight, Cissus edulis Dalz.
Family: Vitaceae - Grape family
Growth Habit: Climber
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Harjora, Harbhanga Lata (Sandwip).
Tribal Name: Hatvanga daru (Chakma), Arang jura (Garo), Pyandhum (Marma), Hutam khang (Murang), Zejonglasa (Rakhaing).
English Name: Large Granadilla, The Edible-stemmed Vine.
A large climber with succulent stem, much contracted at the nodes, quadrangular, the angles of the young branches winged; Leaves broadly ovate, denticulate; old stem leafless. Flowers small, in shortly peduncled cymes with spreading umbellate branches. Berry obovoid or globose.
The herb contains an oxo-steroid, having fracture healing action similar to that of durabolin, 3-ketosteroid and other steroidal principles and ß-sitosterol, carotene, ascorbic acid and calcium oxalate (Ghani, 2003).
Cissus quadrangularis L.
Sundarbans, Chittagong, and occasionally planted.