Synonyms: Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume, Laurus cinnamomum L.
Family: Lauraceae - Laurel family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Daruchini, Darchini (Noakhali).
Tribal Name: Korphul (Tanchangya).
English Name: Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon.
Moderate sized tree, bark brown. Leaves opposite or sometime alternate, elliptic or elliptic-ovate or ovate lanceolate, obtuse, and glabrous. Flowers many in oxillary or terminal panicles. Berry dark purple.
Bark contains mainly an essential oil, the chief constituent of which is cinnamaldehyde. It also contains eugenol, phellandrene, a-pinene, linalool, caryophyllene and tannin, mucilage, calcium oxalate and starch. Leaves also contain an essential oil in which eugenol is the chief constituent. Essential oil of root bark contains camphor as the major constituent. Diterpenes, tannins, coumarins and mucilage are also present in the bark. Polyhydroxylated pentacyclic diterpenes, cinnzeylanine, cinnzeylanol and cinnzeylanine acetate have been isolated from the bark (Ghani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Cinnamomum verum Presl.
A leaf extract is taken for fever. Bark is used as spices in curries (Tanchangya).