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Chak Marriages

Customs Relating to Marriage

As part of their custom, marriage between the persons of the same clan is prohibited. If the bridegroom is from the clan 'Ando', the bride will be from the clan 'Ngarek'. Conversely, if the bride is from the clan 'Ngarek', the bridegroom will be from the clan 'Ando'.

Marriage Ceremony: A three-day long festival is held in both the houses of the bridegroom and the bride.

Formalities of the bridegroom's party: The bridegroom's party visits the house of the bride three times to perform three different formalities of the marriage. The parents of the bridegroom take a hen and a bottle of wine named iemrong' with them and place the proposal of marriage to the bride's party. It is called Achangayuga.

Importance of Horoscope:

The decision of marriage is taken depending on the horoscope of the osathrinrriochongching (bridegroom) and tachharongchengching (bride) and on an auspicious moment too. After the decision of marriage is taken, the bride's party demands one hundred to five hundred eggs to eat, drink and be merry. The bridegroom's party goes to the house of the bride's party with a pitcher of wine and a big amount of eggs as per demand of the bride's party. The bride's party-finalizes their demands to the bridegroom's party at this stage. Then the parents along with other relatives (uchhikams) of the bridegroom go to the house of the bride with a bottle of wine named iemrong' and fix on the date of the marriage ceremony.

Activities of the bride's party:

The relatives of the bride invite her to their houses and entertain her before the marriage. Then the bride is taken back from the house of their relatives one day before the marriage ceremony.

Formalities of marriage: The guardian of the bridegroom's party along with two youths from the clan 'Ando' and two youths from the clan 'Ngarek' goes to the bride's house with the demanded items of goods and takes the bride with them one day before the marriage ceremony. The leader or guardian of the bridegroom's party is called 'Nang-lulu'. The bridegroom's party and the bride's party are called 'prengchhu' and 'tinmik' respectively in the Chak language. The tinmik takes the demanded items of goods from the prengchhu and then they play with colors together.

The tinmik observes the size and the shape of the cow and the boar, and then they neglect those by singing a song "Hing Hing Ameng Katinghe". The most senior person of their community conducts the marriage ceremony. The preparation of taking the bride to the bridegroom's house with musical measures is taken after the invited guests wish the bride. Among the songs, border-determining song such as 'mareng chhuchha aeye nai lala chuchha aeye nai, chauchi laya aeyeng nai' is mentionable here. The youths cook two hens and put these on a small dining table named 'paidang' after the new bride come to the bridegroom's house.

Two small pitchers are bound with a piece of rope and these are filled with clean water. Then Milan mantra (the sacred text for meting the new husband and wife) is recited and the preserved clean water is sprayed to both the bodies and the heads of the bridegroom and the bride. In this way, the ceremony of the union between the new husband and wife is completed. The Chaks are Buddhist in respect of religion. But they maintain some cultural features of their own in observance of different cultural functions and marriage ceremony.

Informal Marriage:

If the parents of the bride do not give their consent, marriage is done as per the choice of the boy and the girl through a matchmaker. In this case, the boy steals the girl to his house by informing the leader of the para and then they marry each other silently. In this regard, necessary steps are taken with regard to the consent of the girl.


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