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The CHAK Houses


The houses, temples and some other religious places are built with their own architectural designs. Besides, some crematoriums are also built with their own architectural methods.

The Chak had been living on manchas (platform) a long time. They call the houses 'king' and the villages 'thi'. The houses are mainly built on five to six feet high from the flat lands.

Decoration of the Houses

  1. Ukhapang: They identify the stairs as ukhapang. It is generally made of wood. At present, the stairs made of cement are also seen in some places. They enter into the house by the help of these stairs.
  2. Kiding: It is a place to store the crops. The produced crops are reserved in a corner of the house.
  3. Pukbroangbang: The cooking materials are kept in the left or right corner of the house and they do the cooking there also. (4) The sleeping place for the aged persons: The open place inside the house is used for sleeping by aged people.
  4. Kawohung: This is a room used for husband-wife and their children.
  5. Kingtong: The place used for sleeping by the guests. (7) Kabak: A type of corridor to keep water and to wash the domestic utensils and other stuffs.
  6. Kimok: The place to keep the hens, ducks and other domestic animals.
The CHAK Houses

CHAK House. All Rights Reserved.

Buddhist Temple:

The Buddhist temples are also built in the pattern of machanghar (house built on a high platform). Among the religious temples, a pagoda situated in the north of the Byshari Buddhist temple is mentionable here. Besides, the temple situated in the middle of a Chak para has a bell made of wood. Like other ethnic groups, they built their houses in such a pattern so that they can ensure their security. In the past, they built the tong (a high platform used as a watch-tower or for shooting purposes) in the trees. At present, they also built their houses on macha (platform). The natural resources such as trees, bamboos, canes and chhon (a kind of tall grass suitable as a thatching material) are used to build their houses.

Food Habits

They take a little amount of foods, but they work hard. Rice is their staple food. Their next main food is vegetable. They eat dried fishes and meats too. But eggs, chicken and pork are consumed on different of occasions. Besides, they drink homemade wine occasionally.

Tools and Craft

They make their daily necessary items in their own tools and craft and meet their demands with these. Bamboos, canes, woods and bottle gourds are mentionable among the materials of making of the daily necessary goods. They make their essential materials with their traditional method without the help of modern technology. Among the necessary items, charka, charki (a rotating wheel), hambaladista (husking pedal consisting of solid wooden body with a rod or fulcrum fixed to its mouth, worked usually by women with their feet), boats, baskets, khancha (cage) for preparing dried fishes, spoons, basons (plate or dish), pitchers and pots for preserving crops are mentionable.

CHAK Tools and Craft

CHAK Tools and Craft. All Rights Reserved.

The Chak are adopting the modern life style gradually because of the necessity of the age and the present circumstances. They are trying to be habituated with modern life. For this reason, there is no sufficient information about their original lifestyle. In spite of that, their multifarious culture will survive in the days to come.

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