Synonyms: Hydrocotyle asiatica L., Hydrocotyle erecta L. f.
Family: Apiaceae - Carrot family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Thankuni, Thulkuri, Takamanik, Brahmmakuti (Chittagong), Ada gunguni (Chittagong), Adamoni (Noakhali), Adamkipata (Sandwip).
Tribal Name: Kaotung (Bawm), Minmini (Chakma), Ajingkrey (Khumi), Murang khoya, Mrang khua (Marma), Ting Thai (Murang), Mrukhu (Rakhaing), Adagungoni (Tripura).
English Name: Indian Pennywort.
A slender creeping herb, rooting at nodes. Leaves with long petiole, 1-3 from each node of the stems, lamina, orbicular-reniform, rather broader than long, shallowly crenate. Flowers in fascicled umbel, consisting of 3-4 pink, small, sessile. Fruit ovoid, hard, flat.
The plant shows the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, sterols, tannins and sugars. However, it principally contains triterpens and triterpene glycosides, thankuniside and iso- thankuniside, asiaticoside, madecassoside, asiatic, madecassic, madasiatic, ascorbic, thandunic, thankunic, pectic and barhmic, isobrahmic acids. It also contains small amounts of resin tannin, saponins, anthraquinone glycosides, sterols, sitosterol, essential oil, fatty oil, sugars, inorganic salts, a bitter principle, vellarine and an alkaloid, hydrocotyline (Ghani, 2003). Polyacetylenes (I, II, III, IV, V) and nine other acetylenes have been isolated from subterranean parts of the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.