Synonyms: Celosia coccinea L.
Family: Amaranthaceae - Amaranth family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Swetmorogphul, Swetmurgs, Shet-murga, Muragphul.
Tribal Name: Ranga chuma (Chakma), Se-ankanlingpo (Khumi), Soononbom, Kasopai (Marma), Su Sang Sak (Tanchangya).
English Name: Quail Grass, Cock's Comb.
An erect annual herb. Leaves variable in size and shape, linear or linear-lanceolate, acute. Flowers at first pinkish, afterwords glistening white, crowded and imbricate in close cylindric, blunt or acuminate terminal spikes.
The plant contains hyaluronic, tetracosanoic, stearic, palmitic, octacosanoic and betulinic acids. Presence of ß-sitosterol, tinosporin, n-hentriacontane, petulin, lupeol, cetyl alcohol, ancistrocladine, rapanone, stigmasterol, luteolin, mannitol, hordenine, proteins, vitamins and minerals have also been reported in the plant. Seeds contain a fixed oil. Two rare isoflavones have been isolated from the aerial parts (Ghani, 2003).
Celosia argentea L.
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Dhaka, Dinajpur, Barisal, Mymensingh, Rangpur, Rajshahi, in fallow lands.