Home >> Plants Profile: Part-C >> Celosia argentea L.

Celosia argentea L.

Synonyms: Celosia coccinea L.

Duration: Annual
Family: Amaranthaceae - Amaranth family
Group: Dicot
Growth Habit: Herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Swetmorogphul, Swetmurgs, Shet-murga, Muragphul.

Tribal Name: Ranga chuma (Chakma), Se-ankanlingpo (Khumi), Soononbom, Kasopai (Marma), Su Sang Sak (Tanchangya).

English Name: Quail Grass, Cock's Comb.

Description of Plant:

An erect annual herb. Leaves variable in size and shape, linear or linear-lanceolate, acute. Flowers at first pinkish, afterwords glistening white, crowded and imbricate in close cylindric, blunt or acuminate terminal spikes.

Chemical Constituents:

The plant contains hyaluronic, tetracosanoic, stearic, palmitic, octacosanoic and betulinic acids. Presence of ß-sitosterol, tinosporin, n-hentriacontane, petulin, lupeol, cetyl alcohol, ancistrocladine, rapanone, stigmasterol, luteolin, mannitol, hordenine, proteins, vitamins and minerals have also been reported in the plant. Seeds contain a fixed oil. Two rare isoflavones have been isolated from the aerial parts (Ghani, 2003).

Celosia argentea L.

Celosia argentea L.

Mode of Uses:

  • Leaf extract is taken for the treatment of cancer. The plant is given for menstrual disorder. Seeds are considered efficacious in diarrhoea. (Chakma).
  • Extract prepared from leaves by crushing is applied to navel of child for the treatment of boils (Khumi).

Distribution:

Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Dhaka, Dinajpur, Barisal, Mymensingh, Rangpur, Rajshahi, in fallow lands.

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