Synonyms: Casuarina equisitifolia Forst.
Growth Habit: Perennial
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Jhau, Belatijhau; Hari (Cox's Bazar-Teknaf).
Tribal Name: Ping lang si (Murang).
English Name: Beefwood, Australian oak, Casuarinas.
A tall, handsome tree with drooping branches, very slender sulcate branchlets with whorls of 6-8 scale-like leaves, the internodes 5-7.5 mm long on the branchlets. Flowers unisexual, monoecious or dioecious; males in terminal spikes, females in ovoid or globose heads. Fruiting head 13-20 mm long.
Leaves contain kaempferol, quercetin, isoquercetin and their glycosides. Shikimic and quinic acids, glucose, fructose, sucrose and amino acids have been isolated from bark, beans and wood. Bark also contains polyols, polyphenols, a -gallocatechol and a-pyrocatechol, (-)epicatechol, (-)epigallocatechol, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, methylgallate, (+)catechol, (+)gallocatechol, alicyclic acid and amino acids. (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Powdered seeds are applied as plasters in headaches. The tree is planted around the house to protect evil spirit. It is used as fuel. (Murang).
Casuarina littorea L.
Planted frequently in home garden.