Home >> Plants Profile: Part-C >> Carica papaya L.

Carica papaya L.

Carica peltata Hook. & Arn.
Carica posoposa L.
Papaya carica Gaertn.

Duration: Perennial
Family: Caricaceae - Papaya family
Group: Dicot
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Pepe, Papaya, Koiya (Chittagong), Habiya (Noakhali).

Tribal Name: Kamco (Bawm), Somphula (Khumi), Betca (Murang), Ptega (Rakhaing).

English Name: Papaya, Papaw.

Description of Plant<:

An erect small tree, with spongy stem and white latex, hollow inside. Leaves large, 30-60 cm across, on long, hollow, petioles, palmately lobed, subpeltate, forming a round tuft at the top of the stem. Plant dioecious; male flowers in long drooping panicles; female flowers in short clusters. Fruit large, obovate to obovate-oblong, succulent.

Chemical Constituents:

Young fruits and leaves are very rich in latex, which contains a number of digestive enzymes, called papain. Latex also contains a blood anticoagulant factor and immunosuppressive enzyme, chymopapain and a number of medicinal enzymes. Leaves and roots contain a number of alkaloids, which include nicotine, nicotinine, myosmine, bis-piperidine, carpaine and dehydro-carpaine I and II. Leaves also contain a glucoside, carpaoside and vitamins C and E. Fruit is a rich source of vitamins, pectoris and carotenoids. Seeds contain sulphur-containing basic substance, carpesemine, carposide and carpaine. Roots and bark contains carposide and carpaine (Ghani, 2003).

Carica papaya L.

Carica papaya L.

Mode of Uses:

  • Fruit is taken against constipation. Immature seed is taken as anthelmintic, young fruit with sugar left in water for one week and taken for abortion (Bawm).
  • Both ripe and unripe fruits are eaten (Khumi).
  • Fruits are used for digestion. Juice prepared from fruit is taken against diarrhoea. Unripe fruits are cooked as curry (Murang).
  • Extract prepared from root is taken three to four tea spoonfuls twice daily until cured and also applied in the body in burning, general weakness, headache and insomnia (Rakhaing).


Cultivated throughout the Bangladesh.

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