Home >> Plants Profile: Part-C >> Callicarpa arborea Roxb.

Callicarpa arborea Roxb.

Synonyms: Callicarpa tomentosa (L.) Merr.

Duration: Perennial
Family: Verbenaceae - Verbena family
Group: Dicot
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bormala, Kojo, Khoja, Makanchi.

Tribal Name: Jang gaas; Banitak (Chakma), Mashkhanchi (Garo), Lykee (Khumi), Markunchi; Tara-mah (Marma).

Description of Plant:

A moderate sized tree, branches densely tomentose. Leaves simple, ovate-oblong, whitish tomentose beneath. Flowers purple in corymbose cymes. Drupes black.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain ß-sitosterol, maslinic, oleanolic and ursolic acids and their methyl ester acetates, lupeol acetate and ß-amyrin acetate; heartwood contains ß-sitosterol and oleanolic acid. Bark contains methyl betulinate, baurenol and ß-sitosterol acetate (Ghani, 2003).

Mode of Uses:

  • A stem extract is taken against diarrhea. Bark, root and leaves are crushed together and applied to affected areas for the treatment of fractures (Chakma).
  • Juice prepared from root is taken for treatment of fever(Khumi).
Callicarpa arborea Roxb.

Callicarpa arborea Roxb.

Distribution:

Dry forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Sylhet, Dhaka, North Bengal and Mymensingh.

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