Home >> Plants Profile: Part-C >> Calamus viminalis Willd.

Calamus viminalis Willd.

Calamus extensus Mart.
Calamus fasciculatus Roxb.
Calamus viminalis var. andamanicus Becc.
Calamus viminalis var. bengalensis Becc.

Duration: Perennial
Family: Arecaceae - Palm family
Group: Monocot
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Khorkoijja bet, Karak bet.

Tribal Name: Karath (Chakma), Riama (Murang), Hraika bathai/Hrbichuk (Tripura).

English Name: Cane.

Description of Plant:

A large, climbing shrub; clustering to form dense clumps. Leaves 1.5-2m long; leaflets distinctly grouped in fasicles, spinulose beneath; rachis and petiole with scattered short hooked spines. Spadix very long, covered with long spathes, Fruits: globose.

Mode of Uses:

Ripe fruit pulps are edible (Bawm, Chakma, Marma and Tripura). Various tools and crafts are prepared by all the tribes.


In secondary forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet.

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