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Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.

Synonyms: Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Fleming
Caesalpinia crista auct. Amer.
Guilandina bonduc L.
Guilandina bonducella L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Nata, Natai, Touri, Lalkanta, Jhangragota, Dahara, Kokoi.

Tribal Name: Kumujja ludi (Chakma), Kang Boi (Marma).

English Name: Fever Nut, Physic Nut, Molucca Bean, Bonducella Nut, Nickar beam.

Description of Plant

A large, straggling, prickly shrub. Branches armed with hooked and straight hard yellow prickles. Leaves bipinnately compound; leaflets elliptic-oblong. Flowers yellow in terminal and supra-axillary spicate racemes. Pods broadly oblong densely clothed with sharp prickels.

Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.

Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.

Chemical Constituents

a-Caesalpin, ß-caesalpin, ?-caesalpin, d-caesalpin and ?-caesalpin have been isolated from seeds (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Mode of Uses

The young leaves are applied to affected areas for the treatment of infections; leaf-boil in water is used as a gargle for sore throat. Young leaves are used in intermittent fever and for expelling intestinal worms (Chakma).


Forests and village thickets of Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Satkhira, Tangail and North Bengal.

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