Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/vernacular name: Raktakanchan, Tulla, Kanchan.
Tribal Name: Wa-kaw-pao (Murang).
English name: Budhist bauhinia, Mountain Ebony, Orchid tree.
A small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves as broad as or rather broader than long, deeply cordate, 2-lobed. Flowers large fragrant, in short axillary or terminal, few-flowered, grey-pubscent corymbs; petals 4-5 cm long, obovate, clawed, much exerted, white, beautifully variegated with red and yellow, sometimes pure white. Pods 15-30 cm long, hard, flat.
Quercitroside, isoquercitroside and rutoside have been isolated from plant. Seeds contain myricetol glycosides. Flowers contain kaempferol glycosdes, and stem contains 5,7-dihydroxyflavanone-4'-O-a-L-rhamnopyranosyl-ß-D-glucopyranoside (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Bauhinia variegata L.
Flower extract is taken in diarrhoea, dysentery and other abdominal ailment. In addition the tree is planted as ornamental (Murang).
Commonly planted as an ornamental plant.
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