Home >> Plants Profile: Part-B >> Bauhinia variegata L.

Bauhinia variegata L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/vernacular name: Raktakanchan, Tulla, Kanchan.

Tribal Name: Wa-kaw-pao (Murang).

English name: Budhist bauhinia, Mountain Ebony, Orchid tree.

Description of the Plant:

A small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves as broad as or rather broader than long, deeply cordate, 2-lobed. Flowers large fragrant, in short axillary or terminal, few-flowered, grey-pubscent corymbs; petals 4-5 cm long, obovate, clawed, much exerted, white, beautifully variegated with red and yellow, sometimes pure white. Pods 15-30 cm long, hard, flat.

Chemical constituents:

Quercitroside, isoquercitroside and rutoside have been isolated from plant. Seeds contain myricetol glycosides. Flowers contain kaempferol glycosdes, and stem contains 5,7-dihydroxyflavanone-4'-O-a-L-rhamnopyranosyl-ß-D-glucopyranoside (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Bauhinia variegata L.

Bauhinia variegata L.

Mode of Uses:

Flower extract is taken in diarrhoea, dysentery and other abdominal ailment. In addition the tree is planted as ornamental (Murang).

Distribution:

Commonly planted as an ornamental plant.


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