Basella cordifolia Lam.
Basella rubra L.
Family: Basellaceae - Basella family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Pui, patika, Raktapui, Holy hata (Noakhali).
Tribal Name: Pujok dadi (Chakma), Cumbishi (Marma), Kantor (Murang), Jhum Poi Shak (Tanchangya), Meferai bukung (Tripura).
English Name: Indian Spinach, Malabar nightshade.
A fleshy, glabrous, much branched twining herbs. Leaves large, thick, broadly ovate, cordate or orbicular. Spikes, axillary, peduncled, simple or branched; flowers white or red, sessile. Fruit, the size of a pea, black when ripe.
Various parts of the plant contain mucilage (a water soluble polysaccharide), vitamins A and B, ascorbic acid, protein, fats, sterols and minerals. The ß-cyanins, gomphrenins I and II, isogomphrenins I and II, gomphrenin III and their derivatives are present in the juice of the plant. Spinacosides C and D have been isolated from the aerial parts (Ghani, 2003).
Basella alba L.
Cultivated throughout the country.
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