Bambusa tulda Roxb.
Family: Poaceae - Grass family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Jowa bans, Mitenga, Deobans, Mitha, Mohal, Banmakla, Tallabans, Mitinga bans.
Tribal Name: Drinal, Hrihing mau (Bawm), Mitinga banz/Mita banz (Chakma), Maade waah (Marma), Mitinga bans (Murang, Tanchangya), Eamruah yeah (Tripura).
Description of the Plant:
A tufted bamboo; culms reaching a height of 22 m, hollow, smooth, green, sometimes striped with yellow. Culm-sheath smooth or covered with appressed white or brown hairs, attenuate up wards and rounded or triangularly truncate at the top.
Mode of Uses:
Various types of baskets are prepared from this bamboo (Chakma, Marma and Murang). It is also used to make posts, roof skeletons and the walls of houses by all 5 tribes. Chakma use this bamboo to make various parts of their looms for weaving.
The young shoot of bamboo are usually eaten as an alternative to rice during food scarcity. Sometimes they dry it on an oven or in the sun in order to preserve to it for future use (Bawm). They make various types of stuffs for domestic use from bamboo some are given below:-
- Sei (Bawm): The sei is a general purpose carrying basket woven from bamboo and cane. It can hold two to three aris of paddy. The sei is used for carrying various materials such as paddy, vegetables and fruits.
- Seitak (Bawm): It is bamboo cane basket, particularly favored by women, for the transport of firewood, vegetables, paddy and fruit and other things collected from the jungle as well as from the field.
- Seinam (Bawm): A strap made of split cane bamboo. This is used as a support for the basket being carried. A women is able to carry as much as a hundred pounds of weight in a basket supported by such a strap.
- Pher (Bawm): The pher is made from bamboo. It is used as a surface on which paddy or foodgrains are left to dry in the sun.
- Paiper (Bawm): The paiper is made of bamboo cane and is used by men for carrying working materials or instruments such as the knife, the axe, the spade, sickle and other tools.
- Bukbau (Bawm): Constructed of bamboo. Bukbau is especially designed for the storerage of valuables. It may hold the clothing of both men and women, ear rings, money, gold and other items. It is distinctive from others in that it is double walled.
- Kho (Bawm): Weaven form bamboo and cane, the Kho is a basket used for the storage of vegetables in the kitchen.
- Khuplet (Bawm): A product of bamboo. This little basket is used by women to store threads which are later used for the weaving of cloth.
- Arbom / Coop (Bawm): Made from bamboo, Coop is used as shelter for hen, chicken or a cock.
- Hibing (Bawm): Made from bamboo, and used for drink medicine and water.
- Tinchona (Bawm): Made from bamboo. It is used for catching fish.
- Luku (Bawm): Made from bamboo. It is used as hat at working time.
The young shoots are edible, bitter in taste. It is also found to be used for preparing pickles (Chakma, Tripura, Marma, Bawm).