Synonyms: Herpestis monniera H.B.&.K.
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
Family: Scrophulariaceae - Figwort family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Brammishak, Adhabirani, Dhupkamini.
Tribal Name: Totagocchil shag (Chakma), Aangkho (Khumi), Tong kang mi (Marma), Kawting (Murang), Nuinna shak, Bat slai/ bat sly (Tripura).
English Name: Indian Pennywort, Thyme-leaved Gratiola.
A small, much branched, creeping herb, rooting at the nodes; branches 10-25 cm long. Leaves sessile decussate, obovate-oblong or spathulate rather fleshy. Flowers axilary, solitary, pale blue, corolla twice as long as the calyx, peduncles longer than the leaves. Capsule ovoid or globose, 2-grooved, 4-valved. Seeds numerous, minute.
Bacopa monniera (L.) Pennel.
Various part of the plant contain steroidal saponins, bacogenins, hersaponin, monnierin and bacoside A & B, betulic, betulinic acids, d-mannitol, stigmasterol, ß-sitosterol and stigmastanol; alkaloids, brahmine and herpestine. The plant also contains nicotine, luteolin and its glucoside (Gani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, St. Martin's islands and other coastal areas of Bangladesh in fallow lands and paddy fields.
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