Ananas ananas (L.) Voss
Ananas duckei hort.
Ananas sativus Schult. & Schult. f.
Ananas sativus var. duckei Camargo
Bromelia ananas L.
Bromelia comosa L. (basionym)
Family: Bromeliaceae - Bromeliad family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Anaras (Bangla)
Tribal Name: Liethi (Bawm), Metara (Khumi), Safsa (Murang), Nendasa (Rakhaing).
English Name: Ananas, Pineapple.
A tufted, stemless herb. Leaves linear-lanceolate, the margins sharply spiny-toothed, green, those subtending the inflorescence red, much reduced. Inflorescence a dense, capitate, spiral, ovoid head, 6-8 cm long, much enlarged in fruit. Mature fruit up to 20 cm long.
Leaves and unripe fruits contain sterols and triterpenes, ergosterol peroxide, stigmastene-diol, ß-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol and campestanol. Leaves and crown of fruits contain 5-hydroxytryptamine and a steroid triterpene. Stems contain a proteolytic enzyme bromelin, starch, a trihydroxy terpenoid carboxylic acid, ananasic acid and glyceryl esters of caffeic and coumaric acids. Fruit also contains polyphenols, phenolic acids, ascorbic and other fruit acids, vitamins A and C and volatile flavouring constituents (Ghani, 2003).
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.
Cultivated throughout the Bangladesh.
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