Synonyms: Anacardium microcarpum Ducke
Family: Anacardiaceae - Sumac family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kajubadam, Hijli badam, Kaju
Tribal Name: Kiss-na (Khumi), Sena badam(Murang), Nendasa (Rakhaing).
English Name: Cashew Nut, Goa-almond, Ceylon mango.
A small or medium-sized, evergreen tree with much spreading branches, which forms a large crown. Leaves coriaceous, obovate. Flowers small in terminal panicle. Fruit reniform, on a pyriform fleshy receptacle.
Bark contains tannin and gum. Fruit shell contains gum, oil, alkyl phenols, ancardic acid, cardol, anacardein, lipids, biflavonoid glycoside, occidentoside and ellagic acid (kajidin), syringic and gallic acids. Leaves and flowers contain ployphenols. Leaves contain P-hydroxybenzoic, protocatechuic, gentisic and gallic acids along with glucosides, rhamosides, arabinosides and xylosides of kaempferol and quercitol. Husk contains catechin, gallic acid, caffeic acid and quinic acid. Cashew nut lipids contain squalene, cyclorartenol, ß-amyrin, ß-sitosterol and campesterol. Cashew apple contains vit. C and vit. E; also polyphenols (Ghani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Anacardium occidentale L.
Cultivated in Chittagong Hill Tracts.
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