Family: Zingiberaceae - Ginger family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Elachi, Labangaelachi, Morangelachi
Tribal Name: Palachevi (Chakma), Pinisomdi (Khumi), Pada Gro (Marma), Milnipata (Tripura).
English Name: Bengal cardamom.
A rhizomatous perennial herb with leafy stems. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, glabrous on both sides. Spikes radical, shortly peduncled, globose; corolla-tube 2.5 cm; segments obtuse, nearly as long as the tube, white; lip pale yellow, as long as the corolla-segments, outer half deflexed. Fruit ovate, oblong-trigonous, somewhat rugose.
Leaves contain 0.12% essential oil (Yusuf, 1999).
A root extract is obtained by chewing and used for mumps; an infusion of the leaves of Amomum aromaticum and Boehmeria glomerulifera are used in baths for the treatment of anaemia (Chakma).
Seeds are useful in indigestion (Khumi).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet and North Bengal.
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