Home >> Plants Profile: Part-A >> Amaranthus spinosus L.

Amaranthus spinosus L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Amaranthaceae - Amaranth family
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kantanotey, Kantadenga, Katamiris(Chittagong), Khuira Kata (Mymensingh).

Tribal Name: Unthamifi (Bawm), Mo Gooyai Apang, Kanta narich (Chakma), Aangpadi-kalingon (Khumi), Chuban, Hanuhuya, Krypayen (Marma), Kan-Chu-Poi (Murang), Chuka hunkoni (Rakhaing), Raktashol (Tripura).

English Name: Prickly Amaranth, Spiny pigweed.

Description of the Plant:

An erect spiny herb; stem often reddish. Leaves simple, ovate, cuneate at base. Flowers very numerous, sessile, in dense axillary clusters and in terminal dense or interrupted spikes. Seeds compressed, orbicular, black.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves and stems contain n-alkanes, hentriacontane, octacosanoate, sterols including a-spinasterol, fatty acids, free alcohols, proteins and mixture of saponins, composed of oleanolic acid, D-glucose and D-glucoronic acid. It is a good source of calcium, also contains phosphorous, iron, nicotinin acid, ascorbic acid and protein. Roots contain a-spinasterol, octacosanoate and a number of saponins, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, cholesterol and stearic, oleic and linoleic acids, quercetin and rutin also isolated from the plant (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Amaranthus spinosus L.

Amaranthus spinosus L.

Mode of Uses:

  • A paste of the whole plant is taken for the treatment of malaria, and crushed roots of Mallotus roxburghianus and Amaranthus spinosus are taken with water for the treatment of bleeding from the nose and mouth (Chakma).
  • Fresh leaves are boiled and taken as vegetables (Khumi).
  • Extract prepared from root is taken two to three tea spoonfuls twice daily until cured to treat the pregnant woman in diarrhoea (Rakhaing).
  • Leaves and stem are taken as vegetable to treat constipation. The vegetable is also used as appetizer (Murang).
  • Extract prepared from root is taken one cupful twice or thrice daily untill cured to treat malaena (dysentry with blood). Paste prepared from leaf mixed with sugarcandy is taken one or two tea spoonful twice-thrice daily by the Marma for the treatment of dysuria (Pain during micturation). Sap of root taken once daily for two days for the treatment of dysentery (Tripura).
  • Whole plant is cooked as vegetable with dry shrimp (Chakma, Tripura, Marmaand Bawm).

Distribution:

Very common throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.


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