Family: Amaranthaceae - Amaranth family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kantanotey, Kantadenga, Katamiris(Chittagong), Khuira Kata (Mymensingh).
Tribal Name: Unthamifi (Bawm), Mo Gooyai Apang, Kanta narich (Chakma), Aangpadi-kalingon (Khumi), Chuban, Hanuhuya, Krypayen (Marma), Kan-Chu-Poi (Murang), Chuka hunkoni (Rakhaing), Raktashol (Tripura).
English Name: Prickly Amaranth, Spiny pigweed.
An erect spiny herb; stem often reddish. Leaves simple, ovate, cuneate at base. Flowers very numerous, sessile, in dense axillary clusters and in terminal dense or interrupted spikes. Seeds compressed, orbicular, black.
Leaves and stems contain n-alkanes, hentriacontane, octacosanoate, sterols including a-spinasterol, fatty acids, free alcohols, proteins and mixture of saponins, composed of oleanolic acid, D-glucose and D-glucoronic acid. It is a good source of calcium, also contains phosphorous, iron, nicotinin acid, ascorbic acid and protein. Roots contain a-spinasterol, octacosanoate and a number of saponins, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, cholesterol and stearic, oleic and linoleic acids, quercetin and rutin also isolated from the plant (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Amaranthus spinosus L.
Very common throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.
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