Synonyms: Alpinia allughas (Retz.) Roscoe
Heritiera allughas Retz.
Zingiber nigrum Gaertn.
Family: Zingiberaceae - Ginger family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Jangli ada, Tara (Chittagong), Tarako
Tribal Name: Tara (Chakma), Meokhabba /Chang yangang/Chang a duk (Marma), Kom-Hing (Murang), Jhangmula (Tanchangya), Bring thorai (Tripura).
A herb with 2-5 m leafy stem and stoloniferous rhizome. Leaves 30-70 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, glabrous and glossy on both the surfaces. Flowers pink, in terminal racems. Fruit globose, black.
Rhizome yield 0.05% essential oil; chief compounds are: caryophyllene oxide 23.0%, geraniol 19.9%, eudesmool 19.4% and citronellyl OAc 16.5% (Asolkar, et al., 1992). Other constituents are almost similar to those of Alpinia calcarata (Ghani, 2003). Leaves also contain 0.03% essential oil (Yusuf, 1999).
All over Bangladesh by the side of the streams, canals and low lying areas.
Return from Alpinia nigra (Gaertner) B. L. Burtt to Ethnobotany Database Homepage