Home >> Plants Profile: Part-A >> Alpinia conchigera Griff.

Alpinia conchigera Griff.

Group: Monocot
Family: Zingiberaceae - Ginger family
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit: Herb

Tribal Name: Khetranga (Chakma), Tebonglong (Khumi), Khetrange (Marma), Kettyranga (Tanchangya).

Description of the Plant:

A rhizomatous herb with slender leafy stem. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, 15-30 cm long, glabrous beneath. Panicle long, narrow; flowers small, corolla-segments oblong, greenish, lip orbicular, yellowish with red lines and dots, with two small teeth at the base. Fruits, globose, size of a pea.

Chemical Constituents:

Fresh rhizome contains 1.1% and fresh leaf contains 0.21% essential oil (Yusuf, 1999).

Alpinia conchigera Griff.

Alpinia conchigera Griff.

Mode of Uses:

  • Chakma tribe in Khagrachari district. In Rangamati district rhizome juice is prescribed in diarrhoea and dysentery. Root extract is taken for the treatment of dysentery; paste of roots of Alpinia conchigera and Carex continua is taken for abdominal pain (Chakma).
  • Inner portion of aerial parts is cooked as vegetables (Khumi and Marma).
  • Root extract is taken for spleenomegaly and leaf extract is taken for the treatment of gastric ulcer (Tanchangya).
  • Rhizomes with 13 other plants are used to make pills to be taken thrice daily before food for the treatment of abdominal tumours (Tripura).

Distribution:

Forests of Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.


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