Synonyms: Aloe barbadensis Mill.
Aloe humilis Blanco
Aloe indica Royle nom. nud.
Aloe perfoliata var. vera L.
Aloe vulgaris Lam.
Family: Aloaceae - Aloe family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ghritakanchan, Gheekachu, Ghritakumari, Mussabbar
Tribal Name: Kolatru (Khumi), Ritakumari (Tanchangya).
English Name: Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Indian Aloe, Curacao Aloe.
A perennial succulent herb. Leaves sessile, crowded, fleshy, gradually tapering towards apex, spiny toothed at the margins, erect-spreading. Flowers yellow, pendulous on a long scape.
Principal constituents of leaves are aloins, which include barbaloin, isobarbaloin and ß-barbaloin and other anthraquinone glycosides such as emodin, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, and chrysophanic acid. Resins, sterols, such as holesterol, campesterol and ß-sitosterol. Triterpenes, cuomarins saponins, carbohydrates, uronic acid, oils, amino acids, enzymes vitamin C and group B vitamins, citric, L-malic and formic acids are also present in this plant.
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
Three new chromone components, 8- C-glucosyl-7-O-methyl-(S)-aloesol, isoaloeresin D and aloeresin E have been isolated from the leaves. Two steroid glucosid, ß-sitosterol and lupeol have also been isolated from the leaves. Recently several prostaglandin and fatty acid compounds have been discovered in the extract of this plant (Ghani, 2003).
More or less cultivated throughout the country, mostly in Natore.
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