Growth Habit: Shrub
Bengali/vernacular name: Malatilata, Ghanta Phul, Harkakra, Halde Korobi.
Tribal Name: Khaw-Ruang (Marma).
A woody much-branched stragling shrub. Leaves obovate-lanceolate, entire, glossy, acuminate, 4 in a whorl, occationally 2 or 3. Flowers in axillary cymes, large, yellow, tube funnel-shaped.
Roots contain an anti-leukaemic iridoid lactone, allamandin and two other iridoids, allamandicin and allamdin. Leaves and stems yield ursolic acid, ß-amyrin and ß-sitosterol. Leaves also contain sesquiterpenes. Flowers contain kaempferol, quercetin and hesperitin. Stem, root bark and leaves contain plumericin and isoplumericin. Stems and root bark contain triterpenoids lactones, alkaloid and glucoside. Plumieride and a long chain ester have been isolated from leaves and roots (Ghani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Allamanda cathartica L.
Paste of root is applied in insect bites. Seed is poisonous (Marma).
Cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens throughout the country.
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