Family: Acanthaceae - Acanthus family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Hargoza, Harkuch Kanta, Kotki.
Tribal Name: Shuvam (Rakhaing).
English Name: Holy-leaved Acanthus.
Erect prickly shrub, up to 1.5 m high, in clumps. Leaves are simple, opposite and decussate; stipules are lacking. Flowers are bisexual, zygomorphic, and usually are associated with conspicuous, often brightly colored bracts. Fruit is commonly an elastically dehiscent loculicidal capsule. Seed stalk or funiculus of each seed is modified into a hook shaped jaculator orretinaculum that functions in flinging out the seeds during dehiscence.
Acanthus Illicifolius L. All Rights Reserved.
Aerial parts contain the alkaloids, acanthicifoline, oleanolic acid, ß-sitiosterol, lupeol, quercetin, its glucopyranoside and trigonelline. Roots contain triterpenoid, saponin and glycosides (Asolkar et al., 1992). Apigenin-7-O-glucuronide and a new flavone glycoside, methylapigenin-7-O- ß-D-glucuronate has been isolated from the leaves (Ghani, 2003).
In maritime swamps of Bangladesh.
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