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Acacia rugata (Lamarck) Voight

Synonyms: Acacia concinna DC.

Duration: Perennial
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Group: Dicot
Growth Habit: Climber

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Banritha.

Tribal Name: Tai Ann Khur (Bawm), Kuchui (Chakma), Aleyee (Khumi), Kan por (Marma).

Description of the Plant:

A large stragling shrub with more or less hooked prickles. Leaves 2-pinnate, pinnae 12-16, leaflets 30-50, membranous; flowers in globose yellow heads, 1-1.25 cm across, arranged in panicle. Pods strap-shaped, straight, long, thick and fleshy.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contains tartaric, oxalic, succinic acids along with alkaloids - calycotomine and nicotine. Saponin isolated from seeds was a mixture of acacinin A, acacinin B and concinnin. Acacinins C, D and E, sucrose, raffinose, stachyose and verbascose have been isolated from pods. Acacic acid, a glycoside- sonuside; acacic acid lactone, machaeric acid and its lactone, sapogenin B and a new ester of acacic acid have also been isolated from pods (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Mode of Uses:

  • An infusion of the seeds is used as shampoo to wash hair (Chakma).
  • Leaves are cooked as vegetables. Seeds are soak in water for whole night and the extract is used as shampoo and detergents (Khumi).


In evergreen forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar and Sylhet.

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