Synonyms: Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. var. farnesiana,
Acacia minuta (M.E. Jones) R.M. Beauch.
Acacia minuta (M.E. Jones) R.M. Beauch. ssp. densiflora (Alexander ex Small) R.M. Beauch.
Mimosa farnesiana L.
Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Gokul, Belatibabul, Guyababla.
Tribal Name: Kanta naksha (Chakma), Hoyzy/Khoiaiye (Khumi).
English Name: Cassie flowers, Sponge tree, Strinking Acacia, Sweet Acacia.
A small, much branching, deciduous tree or shrub with zigzag branches and stipular spines. Leaves 2-pinnate, pinnae 8-16, leaflets 20-40. Flowers very small, fragrant, deep-yellow, in globose axillary heads. Fruit long, subcylindric, turgid, slightly curved.
Acacia Farnesiana (L.) Willdenow. All Rights Reserved.
Isorhamnetin-3,7-glucorhamnoside, gallic acid, ellagic acid, m-digallic acid, methyl gallate, kaempferol, aromadendrin, naringenin, kaempferol-7-diglucoside, naringenin-7-glucoside and a new glycoside, probably naringenin-7-diglucoside acylated with gallic acid have been isolated from flowers. Flowers also contains d-pinitol a pigment, isorhamnetin-3,7-glucorhamnoside. Pods yield a new acylglucoside characterized as naringenin-7-O-ß-D-(6''-O-gal-loyl) glucopyranoside (prunin-O-6''-gallate); rutin and apigenin-6,8-bis-C-glucopyranoside (0.4%). A novel amino acid N-acetyl-L-djenkolic acid has been isolated from seeds. Leaves contain tannins, alkaloids; also rutin and apigenin-6,8-bis-C-glucide; cyanogens; linamarin, lotaustralin and an unidentified one (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar and Rangamati.
Return from Acacia Farnesiana to Ethnobotany Database Homepage