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Abroma augusta P. Miller

Duration: Perennial
Family: Sterculiaceae
Group: Dicot
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ulothkombal (Bagla)

Tribal Name: Polumaoeba (Chakma), Daiya (Garo), Paowi-k-achi (Khumi), Tangchangya (Rakhaing).

English Name: Devil's Cotton.

Description of the Plant:

Shrub. Leaves of lower portion are big with long patiol, leaves cordate, leaf tip acute, leaves of upper portion are as like (Adhatoda vasica). Flower violet and look like butterfly. Fruit pentangle, hollow, hairy, green when fresh, gray or brown when ripe. Rare in hilly area.

Abroma Augusta P. Miller

Abroma Augusta P. Miller. All Rights Reserved.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain taraxerol, its acetate and ß-sitosterol. Stem bark contains friedelin and ß-sitosterol. Root and root bark contain gum, fixed oil, resin, alkaloids, abromine, choline and betaine, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, digitonide, magenesium salts of hydroxyl acids and polysaccharide. Seeds contain 20.2% fixed oil with 71.5% linoleic acid. Augustic acid an oleanane derivative and a stigmasterol glycoside have been isolated from the roots. Heartwood contains ß-sitosterol, glycol and octacosane-1, 28-diol (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993; Asolkar et al., 1992).

Mode of Uses:

  • Boiled leaf extract is taken in hiccup during eating time. (Rakhaing)
  • Paste prepared from sticky bark and leaves is applied to affected areas for treatment of snake bite (Khumi).
  • Seeds are used for neck pain by the Chakma in Khagrachari district.

Distribution:

Cultivated throughout the country.


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