Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ulothkombal (Bagla)
Tribal Name: Polumaoeba (Chakma), Daiya (Garo), Paowi-k-achi (Khumi), Tangchangya (Rakhaing).
English Name: Devil's Cotton.
Shrub. Leaves of lower portion are big with long patiol, leaves cordate, leaf tip acute, leaves of upper portion are as like (Adhatoda vasica). Flower violet and look like butterfly. Fruit pentangle, hollow, hairy, green when fresh, gray or brown when ripe. Rare in hilly area.
Abroma Augusta P. Miller. All Rights Reserved.
Leaves contain taraxerol, its acetate and ß-sitosterol. Stem bark contains friedelin and ß-sitosterol. Root and root bark contain gum, fixed oil, resin, alkaloids, abromine, choline and betaine, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, digitonide, magenesium salts of hydroxyl acids and polysaccharide. Seeds contain 20.2% fixed oil with 71.5% linoleic acid. Augustic acid an oleanane derivative and a stigmasterol glycoside have been isolated from the roots. Heartwood contains ß-sitosterol, glycol and octacosane-1, 28-diol (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Cultivated throughout the country.
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